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US IB World History: Bismarck's Domestic & Foreign Policies

Prince of Bismarck, Duke of Lauenburg, Minister President of Prussia, Chancellor of the German Empire

Includes Speech to the Frankfurt Assembly, Proclamation of 1849, Letter to Minister von Manteuffel, The Imperial Proclamation, and documents from Field Marshal Helmuth von Moltke and Otto von Bismarck.
From the Internet History Sourcebooks
(1848-1871; English translation)
Bismarck accounts working with the king and the king's advisers.
From Hanover Historical Texts Collection.
(1860-1890; English translation)
Famous speech in which the powerful German politician demands less debate and more action. Available in original German.
(30 September 1862; English translation)
German History in Documents and Images: Forging an Empire: Bismarckian Germany
Compiled by the German Historical Institute in Washington, D.C.
(1866-1890; images, maps, German transcriptions and English translations)
Like many others, the British initially regarded Bismarck’s policy as reckless and likely to lead to Prussia’s defeat; later, Loftus conceded that no other state seemed capable of charting a path toward German unification.
(1866; English transcription)
Account of Bismarck's attempt to provoke France into war.
(1870; English translation)
With links to 17 digitized books on the war, including memoirs by a diplomat, an army nurse, a French minister, a field marshal, and letters from figures such as Bismarck.
(1870-1871; English)
With direct links to his speeches, letters, and other digitized books from his life.
(1871-1890; English)
Includes primary documents in translation from Otto von Bismarck, Heinrich Class,
Gen. Friedrich von Bernhardi, Adolf Hitler, Helmuth von Moltke, Rosa Luxemburg,
Kaiser Wilhelm II; of the Internationale and of a Berliner Illustrierte readers' poll.
(1880-1925; translations)

Additional Primary Sources

Excerpts from Memoirs by Otto von Bismarck
From Hanover Historical Texts Project

German Studies Web

The German Studies Web was founded July 6, 1995. It is designed to provide access to scholarly resources in German Studies, including all German-speaking countries. The resources organized here have undergone a selection and evaluation process. If needed, annotations have been provided augmenting the research value of these resources to scholars

German History in Documents and Images
Date range:
Geographical focus: Germany
"a comprehensive collection of primary source materials documenting Germany's political, social, and cultural history from 1500 to the present. It comprises original German texts, all of which are accompanied by new English translations, and a wide range of visual imagery"

Otto von Bismarck


Bundesarchiv Bild 146-2005-0057, Otto von Bismarck.jpg

 Pilartz, Jacques - This image was provided to Wikimedia Commons by the German Federal Archive (Deutsches Bundesarchiv) as part of a cooperation project. The German Federal Archive guarantees an authentic representation only using the originals (negative and/or positive), resp. the digitalization of the originals as provided by the Digital Image Archive.

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Bismarck's Domestic & Foreign Policies on JSTOR

Blanke, Richard. “Bismarck and the Prussian Polish Policies of 1886.” The Journal of Modern History, vol. 45, no. 2, 1973, pp. 211–239. JSTOR,

Stürmer, Michael. “Bismarck in Perspective.” Central European History, vol. 4, no. 4, 1971, pp. 291–331. JSTOR,

Pflanze, Otto. “Bismarck's ‘Realpolitik.’” The Review of Politics, vol. 20, no. 4, 1958, pp. 492–514. JSTOR,

Wehler, Hans-Ulrich. “Bismarck's Imperialism 1862-1890.” Past & Present, no. 48, 1970, pp. 119–155. JSTOR,

Bernhard, Michael. “The Leadership Secrets of Bismarck: Imperial Germany and Competitive Authoritarianism.” Foreign Affairs, vol. 90, no. 6, 2011, pp. 150–154. JSTOR,

Dorpalen, Andreas. “The German Historians and Bismarck.” The Review of Politics, vol. 15, no. 1, 1953, pp. 53–67. JSTOR,

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